Friday, August 28, 2020
What causes and impact human activities? Have you at any point had second where you needed to ask yourself Ã¢â¬Å"why did I simply do that?Ã¢â¬ or stunned by your own heartless mentality? Human conduct is preferential by numerous differing factors, some neural and some ecological. Different of these impacts have created more than a huge number of long periods of mankind's history and human advancement. Concoction movement in the mind that take places milliseconds before a given conduct act occurs. We will compose a custom article test on Causes and Effect Human Actions or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now To know human conduct, we should investigate enthusiasm for the science of the cerebrum, reasoning and past. The expression goes that everything occurs for an explanation is a legitimate proclamation with regards to getting a handle on human conduct. Before a given conduct happens the most established pieces of the human cerebrum get going. In a lethal second event, the mind forms tangible information dependent on its prompt condition. Various social orders will condition us people to act in different manners. The cerebrum settles on various split-second choices before a forceful conduct happens. Two pieces of the mind control hostility which are the amygdala and the frontal cortex. The amygdala is found piece of the cerebrum, the cerebral cortex, and is the locale associated with forceful conduct and dread. This was found during an examination that indicated people photographs that animate fury or dread to find how the mind would course the pictures. The front cortex directs managing feelings including animosity and control imprudence. This was affirmed by the case pf Phineas Gage in 1848, while taking a shot at a building site an iron bar punctured his ability and decimated his frontal cortex. He endure the mishap he was a completely changed man. Youth and juvenile encounters impact our conduct advancement. As weÃ¢â¬â¢ve been told 85 percent of the cerebrum is completely evolved in the initial two years of life. Presently the remaining is basic for deciding social turn of events. High school years is a crucial time for mental health. The youthful frontal cortex can contrarily impact conduct qualities. Its been demonstrated that the frontal cortex doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t complete the process of creating until weÃ¢â¬â¢re in our mid-20s, which would clarify the spike in savage conduct found in our adolescence and youthful grown-ups. As a youngster the cerebrum can assimilate data a lot quicker than a grown-up. Studies show that 33 percent of grown-ups who was engaged with youth misuse will make the maltreatment their children. Sympathy and empathy arenÃ¢â¬â¢t as firmly associated as everybody suspected. The foremost cingulate cortex is initiated when you see others torment. ACC is a district of the mind thatÃ¢â¬â¢s united to the frontal cortex and the amygdala. Its liable for helping us figure out how to fear recognizable terrible encounters. The neurological associations show that compassion had more to do to pass the time conservation than with a craving to support other. Study shows sympathy prompts the actuation of the amygdala enactment while empathy is directed to the inception of the frontal cortex. Many would state that human conduct is effectively anticipated however is a profoundly perplexing and multifaceted field. Human conduct is connected to cerebrum science and the general public in which we live. Regardless of whether its acting forcefully or felling sympathy toward other, various standards gracious the mind is initiated when we complete these conduct demonstrations. Just by seeing how these how these practices come about can we precisely comprehend existing and work in a general public. Instructions to refer to Causes and Effect Human Actions, Papers
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Associations need to change and embrace dynamic endurance systems to remain alive in unsure political, social and financial condition (Hiatt and Creasy, 2003). Every single ecological figure present the nature experience change on ceaseless premise. Human instinct opposes change, so dealing with that obstruction requires very much arranged change the executives methodologies. An organized way to deal with move association, its kin and procedures from current state to an ideal future state is called change the board. This procedure enables representatives to acknowledge changes in the current condition of the business. Change can be of various kind for instance, change in innovation, tasks or procedures and so on organization needs to execute singular techniques to adapt to each sort of progress. Coca Cola Corporation is among probably the most established company of the world. It has experienced numerous interior and outer changes since it has been in presence. The organization has utilized methods of progress the board so as to get by from the outcomes of those occasions. Coca Cola is a sort of organization that requires making changes in its items and business systems as per the customer desires and outside condition. Here in this investigation we would cite various models from coca cola corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s history and will analyze that what were the activating occasions for picking the change and what techniques the organization created and executed so as to effectively experiencing the progressing procedure. Coca Cola is a sort of organization that requires making changes in its items and business methodologies as per the shopper desires and outside condition. Here in this examination we would cite various models from coca cola corporationÃ¢â¬â¢s history and will inspect that what were the activating occasions for selecting the change and what methodologies the organization created and actualized so as to effectively experiencing the progressing procedure. Coca Cola Corporation is an innovative endeavor begun by one individual who purchased the recipe from another firm and established frameworks of that drinks fabricating firm. Current structure of the coca cola organization is straightforward with insignificant work and the executives division. New framework that can be embraced by the organization might be the Ã¢â¬Å"machine bureaucracyÃ¢â¬ which has been characterized as an association with obviously characterized progressive system, very much characterized region of tasks, standard working strategies, legitimate principles and guidelines, well division of work, formal connections among the individual from association, concentrated dynamic, specialized skill and normalization of work. The organization has confronted a great deal of outside changes, for instance in world war II, the organization had the option to deal with its current situation around then and furthermore entered in numerous new markets and found new specialties. The organization built up 64 plants over the world to gracefully beverages to the soldiers (Coca Cola Company, 2006-2011). The organization likewise gave free beverages to warriors which were the piece of its system to turn into an energetic image for the individuals of the nation. Additionally it helped the deals, so the organization accomplished two goals via cautiously wanting to react to that outside ecological change. The plants created by the organization in war period helped its development after the war. The ongoing change the executives at coca cola is coordinated towards the characteristic qualities and inspirations of the workers and can be alluded to as Ã¢â¬Ëemployee engagementÃ¢â¬â¢. The change the executives procedure, along with inside marking programs is relied upon to realize perfect practices in workers, which would adjust the activities of coca cola around the world, and achieve proficiency all through coca cola over the entirety of its business sections. Coca Cola Company can utilize two change the board instruments to ensure that all individuals who are required to be the piece of progress the board procedure. These apparatuses are Force Field examination and AKADAR model. Power field investigation is a strategy created by Kurt Lewin to examine the powers that are making a resistance change process (Bass, 2009). By doing Force Field Analysis, Coca Cola Company will have the option to accept individuals who are needing proper preparing. Another valuable instrument is AKADAR model which represents Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability and Reinforcement. Through AKDAR model, firm makes mindfulness about the need of progress, create want in the individuals to help in changing procedure, offer information to the individuals that how they can enable the change to process, build up a capacity in the individuals to experience the change and furnish them with constant fortification to withstand the change (CMLR, 2011). Coca cola plans to achieve an altogether coordinated arrangement of correspondences, and spotlight on making brand associations with their representatives. This would upgrade the tasks of Coca cola, as an incorporated methodology would mean all workers put stock in connecting completely in the qualities, and this would turn into a characteristic piece of the representatives at an individual level. For this reason, worker commitment overviews are led twice consistently for all the coca cola partners, which serve to feature the regions where activity is required, and further activities and usage can consequently be executed. Representative commitment is critical to all portions of tasks at coca-cola and has converted into execution in territories where worker commitment is higher. For coca-cola, a drew in workforce implies: An increasingly dedicated workforce Employee execution lined up with hierarchical goals Employees have an away from of what is anticipated from them and what are the expectations Customer experience centers a characteristic piece of employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ values, who endeavors to give a superior encounter to the clients. Client center was recognized as a focal occupant of the multi-year commitment system to be actualized in 2011(Gee, 2011) Change in unavoidable. Hence, the spotlight ought not be on staying away from change, rather realizing a smooth progress towards the new change by correspondence about the change, and guaranteeing all gatherings of the change that it is for the best of every one of those included. To effectively execute authoritative difference in any nature, a particular respects to hierarchical structure, plan, culture, the board and administration is required to see whether the change would make a best fit with the hierarchical objectives and goals. To finish up, it might be said that correspondence can be a key component to fruitful change the board. Impart the progressions to the workers, disclose to them why the change was unavoidable and how they will profit by the change. The administration should itself receive an inspirational mentality towards the change with the goal that representatives can follow their lead and welcome the change. Coca-cola as an organization has a legacy of grasping change instead of oppose it and it ought to convert into their future undertakings towards change the executives to guarantee that the association is best ready to showcase and natural conditions.
Friday, August 21, 2020
The Granddaddy of Total Quality Management(TQM): Dr. W. Edwards Deming was known as the ?Granddaddy' of absolute quality-administration. All out Quality Management (TQM) can furnish associations with the motivating force for positive change, mixing the workforce and making a situation that gives an organization the serious edge. To succeed, nonetheless, TQM must be in excess of a maxim. On the off chance that it is viewed as an irritation or a reason for representatives to exploit the business, it won't work. TQM must turn into a method for corporate life. That has been the objective of Deming for more than forty years. W. Edwards Deming sorted out an overall counseling practice for a long time.. His customers included assembling organizations, phone organizations, railroads, bearers of engine cargo, purchaser analysts, enumeration methodologists, emergency clinics, lawful firms, government offices, and research associations in colleges and in industry. The effect of Dr. Deming's lessons on American assembling and administration associations has been significant. He began changes with his TQM thoughts that are improving the HR offices around the United States. President Reagan even granted the National Medal of Technology to Dr. Deming in 1987. He got the Distinguished Career in Science grant from the National Academy of Sciences in 1988. Dr. Deming got numerous different honors, including the Shewhart Medal from the American Society for Quality Control in 1956 and the Samuel S. Wilks Award from the American Statistical Association in 1983. The American Statistical Association built up the yearly Deming Prize for development of value and productivityin 1980. Dr. Deming was an individual from the International Statistical Institute. He was chosen in 1983 to the National Academy of Engineering, and in 1986 to the Science and Technology Hall of Fame in Dayton. He was likewise drafted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1991. Dr. Deming's various honors were merited. His instruction has kept going for an amazing duration starting with his doctorate in numerical material science from Yale University in 1928, moreover, he has earned respect degrees from the University of Wyoming, Rivier College, the University of Maryland, Ohio State University, Clarkson College of Technology, Miami University, George Washington University, the University of Colorado, Fordham University, the University of Alabama, Oregon State University, the American University, the University of South Carolina, Yale University, Harvard University, Cleary College, and Shenandoah University. Yale University additionally granted him the Wilbur Lucius Cross Medal. What's more, Rivier College granted to him the Madeleine of Jesus Award. A different of books, movies, and tapes diagram his life, his hypothesis, and the act of his strategies around the world. Of his books, Out of Crisis and The New Economics have even been converted into numerous unknown dialects. Dr. Deming is notable for his work in Japan, where from 1950 forward he showed top administration and architects techniques for the board of value. This preparation helped change the economy of Japan. In acknowledgment of his commitments, the Union of Japanese Science and Engineering (JUSE) founded the yearly Deming Prizes for accomplishments in quality and reliability of item, and accordingly, the Emperor of Japan granted the Second Order Medal of the Sacred Treasure to Dr. Deming in 1990. In Out of Crisis, Dr. Deming diagrams his fourteen focuses for the board. He comprehended that a chief of individuals needs to comprehend that all individuals are unique. Not rank individuals however comprehend that the presentation of anybody is administered to a great extent by the zone that he works in, and is the obligation of the board. Underneath we can perceive what Dr. Deming educated in his style of the executives. Deming's 14 Points of Management: 1. Make consistency of direction toward progress of item and administration, with the expect to get serious and to remain in business, and to give occupations. 2. Embrace the new way of thinking. We are in another financial age. Western administration must stir to the test, must get familiar with their duties, and take on authority for change. 3. Stop reliance on examination to accomplish quality. Dispense with the requirement for investigation on a mass premise by building quality into the item in any case. 4. End the act of granting business based on sticker price. Rather, limit all out expense. Push toward a solitary provider for any one thing, on a drawn out relationship of faithfulness and trust. 5. Improve continually and everlastingly the arrangement of creation and administration,
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
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Friday, May 15, 2020
Weight Loss for the Obese TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s children are faced with a severe epidemic. Day after day, children are growing in size. The number of obese children is growing severely and scientists are perplexed. Obesity is a disease affecting thousands of people every day. While conducting my research, the argument that I found was most prominent was the debate between whether obese individuals should become fit vs. just losing weight. Most articles I found continued to say that obese people need to lose weight to reduce their chances of being affected by certain diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cancer, and heart attacks. In the first article I read which I gathered from the NAAFA (National Association for Advanced Fat Acceptance)Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This organization seems to have a very one-sided outlook on all the research being done. It seems to be implying that being overweight is okay and as long as you are Ã¢â¬Å"fitÃ¢â¬ you can be overweight. On the other end of the spectrum, I found an article talking about the complications related to obesity. In this article, which I gathered from Weight.com, it lists all the problems associated with obesity and some things that can be done to help fix or even prevent these complications. One thing that I found prevalent among these Ã¢â¬Å"curesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"preventionsÃ¢â¬ was the fact that weight needed to be lost. The article speaks that in most cases among hypertension, diabetes, degenerative arthritis, elevated cholesterol, and sleep disorders associated with obesity, a 10% loss in body fat would help prevent these health problems. This article was written by a doctor who has been doing studies and helping obese individuals since 1980. He states that the weight needs to be loss before an individual can become physically fit. I think the simple point he is implying, is that unlike the other article, an obese individual needs to lose the weight in order to be physicall y fit. Both articles have good points in each but I think the underlying point that needs to be addressed is whether or not the weight needs to be lost. According to BMI scales, the weight needs to be lost but these standards are also not true for everyone. Athletes for example have aShow MoreRelatedÃ¢â¬Å"The Epidemic Of Obesity Is Considered The Biggest Global1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The epidemic of obesity is considered the biggest global health problem of this generationÃ¢â¬ (Thom Lean, 2017). With an increasing obese population comes the need for effective dietary approaches to promote weight loss and healthy lifestyles among individuals. Intermitting Fasting (IF) is an increasing popular diet that has sweeped the nation. Intermitting fasting is a dietary approach where individuals maintain a certain eating pattern through cycling between periods of eating and fasting. ThereRead MoreThe Alarmingly Increasing Rates of Obesity in the United States1560 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pag esObesity rates have climbed at such a staggering rate over the past thirty years that it has become an epidemic, with some even arguing that it is a pandemic. In the United States alone, 69.2% of adults are overweight or obese (CDC, 2009-2010). With so many contributing factors to obesity, many of those affected by this disease do not know where to start to try to help themselves and some have even reached a breaking point and feel they have nowhere left to turn for help, so they give up. WhenRead MoreEffects Of Dietary Nitrates On Weight Maintenance814 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOteha,Auckland 0632 Email address:email@example.com Paper Name:Nutritional Research Methods Paper no.:151.708 Topic of research: The effect of dietary nitrates on weight maintenance in obese population following a 10% weight loss TITLE The effect of dietary nitrates on weight maintenance in obese population following a 10% weight loss BACKGROUND Dietary nitrates are inorganic inert anionic compounds in fruits, vegetables and cured meats. About 80-85% of the nitrate in our diets is derived from vegetables;Read MoreEssay on Surgical Treatment For Morbid Obesity1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbillion overweight adults, and at least 300 million of them are obese. During the last 40 years, obesity has reached epidemic proportions. There are more obese people each year, and the severity is increasing. In the United States alone, 300,000 deaths are associated with obesity. Thesis: Many obese people fail diet after diet. For them, bariatric surgery is an option even though risks are involved (Flancbaum, et al. 7; Goodman par 3; Ã¢â¬Å"The WeightÃ¢â¬ par 2). Overview Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Obesity is climbing the chartsRead MoreDescription Of A Successful Weight Loss Program872 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconsideration; our management staff has decided to add a new weight loss program. In addition to adding the key workout program the spa will include cooking classes, consultations with a dietician, and dine-in/take-out restaurant and full bar that serves only low calorie, high protein foods and drinks. 2. Market Overview The spa industry is a vital part of the health care industry by providing relaxation techniques and now weight loss. It is centred on providing support and motivation to thoseRead MoreRelationship Between A Children s Peer Network And Dietary Behavior Outcomes797 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfriends of female adolescents who partook in habitual dieting behavior were at a significantly higher probably of using habitual dieting themselves. Female and male adolescents also significantly increased their chance of taking part in excessive weight loss methods when at least one friend took part in the same activity. Male adolescents increased their probably of using steroids by seven times when at least one male friend used the muscle-enhancing substance compared to those who did not have a friendRead MoreAlternative Weight Loss In Obesity Essay904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlternative Weight Loss in Obesity: Surgery or Pill We live with obesity on a daily basis within the United States. About 36.5% of U.S. adults were obese within the year 2011 to 2014 (Ogden et al., 2015). There will be many consequences to face as someone grows with obesity. These people may create and follow their own diet and exercise plans, but sometimes a little help is needed. Therefore, in obese adults with a BMI of 30, does weight loss surgery, particularly sleeve gastrectomy, or the weight lossRead MoreObesity Is A Disorder Of The Endocrine System Essay747 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescalories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect weight consist of your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active. Furthermore, several endocrine abnormalities are reported in obesity. Some of these abnormalities are considered as contributory factors for the development of obesity, whereas others are considered to be secondary effects of obesity and usually are restored after weight loss. Thyroid hormones usually are normal in obesity, with the exceptionRead MoreCommon Ingredients Of Your Weight Loss Supplements Essay1088 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCommon Ingredients in Your Weight Loss Supplements Are you taking weight lost supplement to shape your body? Or are you still looking for the best weight loss supplements to your need? Well, today`s people are more concerned with how big they are. Many of us try to get the best shape like our favorite actress, actors, or simple a public figure. As friendly reminder, you can`t always measure yourself as thin as your favorite celebrity because we all know most magazine covers are photoshopped. SoRead MoreThe Causes Of Diet And Obesity In Adults1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPeople are classified according to their BMI. Body mass index is where they calculate your height and weight and put you in a group. The groups range from being normal, overweight, obese, and extreme obesity. There are plenty of factors that lead to obesity such as: behavior, community, environment, genetics, family history, diseases, drug or medication use. Excess pounds do more than increase your weight. Your risk of major health problems increase significantly. Incre ased risk for heart diseases, stroke
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The protagonist of Huckleberry Finn is arguably one of the most remarkable character Mark Twain created in all his writings. Huck can be seen as both a symbol of the freedom of the natural man and an individual man with a conscience and a basic sense of decency. He is also very much still an out of control teenager who has issues with most modest things in life like society, religion, work, and even his own father, yet as a reader you never question that Huck is a sensitive, caring human being who is in many ways, superior to the figures of adults that surround him on a daily basis. These are just some of the reasons that Huck is able to find his closest friendships with boys his own age like Tom Sawyer or with outcasts from societyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦We suffer right along with him as the WidowÃ¢â¬â¢s old maid sister, Miss Watson, nags and pesters him about washing, dressing, combing, learning, and particularly religion. Yet there is evidence of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s basic s ense of decency, or possibly even shame, at his resemblance to his non-present father. Huck even accepts the WidowÃ¢â¬â¢s forging religious providence in spite of his low self-esteem. Ã¢â¬Å"I judged I could see that there was two Providences, and a poor chap would stand considerable show with the widowÃ¢â¬â¢s Providence, but if Miss WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s got him there warnÃ¢â¬â¢t no help for him anymore. I thought it all out, and reckoned I would belong to the WidowÃ¢â¬â¢s if he wanted me, though I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t make out how he was a-going to be any better off then than what he was before, seeing I was so ignorant, and so kind of low-down and ornery.Ã¢â¬ (14). Huck is ignorant only in the sense that he lacks a formal education, but Ã¢â¬Å"low-down and orneryÃ¢â¬ is the characterization of his father that Huck sees reflected in himself whenever he fidgets in front of a mirror. In fact, HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest virtue is his absolute honesty in his self-examination, which overlooks his natural decency and compassion. While some similarities are definitely present, Huck is actually very different from his father, who is bigoted, ill-tempered, and usually drunk,
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theNetworking Case Study for Rapid Prototyping. Answer: Introduction This report depicts the importance of implementing a rapid prototype model in the business organization. This report elaborates the lessons learnt from the RAPID PROTOTYPING NEW DISCIPLINE case study. In this case study it is mentioned that, while working for the Cocable Company, they had got a contract for GE Company to design a prototype machine for the newest jet engine. While, developing the rapid prototype machine for Get engine, during the testing phase they realized that the prototype machine is facing major implementation level issue. For making the required changes extra payment will be needed to provide. The departments who are going to pay for the changes are also illustrated in this report. Not only this but also the necessary steps those are needed to be applies are also elaborated in this report. In order to avoid these issues proper recommendations and strategies should have to be developed those are also illustrated in this report. Lessons learnt from the case It has been found that most of the project management oriented issues take place in the organizations due to lack of successful project management methodologies. This report mainly deals with different project management issues that the companies are facing. From last 1980, the rapid prototyping has become as one of the most growing field of innovation . It is providing huge technical opportunities to the business organizations also . This concept is growing from the beginning of the grassroots of technology. In this report Frank Billing an engineering student deals with the development of a rapid prototype model. From the very beginning he has started realizing the importance of newly developed rapid prototype model and its effectiveness in the competitive marketplace . Though, Frank Billing was willing to be a professional rapid prototype machine developer but as he had enough debt thus he had to take job at Cocable Company. Apart from this different issues associated to the rapid prototyping that might occur in the development phase are also have been learnt . Very rapidly the usage of different technology is developing widely. From the case study different issues are identified. It is discovered that issue might occur related to supply of the raw material supply . The costs of the prototype developing equipment are very high and even the functional and non functional requirement for the RP is very high. The promotions of the equipments are also very high from the application aspects. Eve during the functional testing phase issues might arise. The department who should pay for the changes After analyzing the details of the case study, it is found that after getting contract from the GE for the development of a newly jet engine Frank Billing realized that the company is facing major level challenges due to their faulty CAD model . The standard size of the CAD model is required to be 55 inches, but for this particular prototype model the size id required to be 48 inches. It means that after the development they again need to change the model as per the requirement of the consumers. For meeting the requirement of the consumers they are also required extra budget and it is quite definite that this extra budget is not going to be provided by the GE company rather the Cocable Company is responsible to deliver the extra budget to meet the requirement of GE company newly jet engine . The steps those should have been undertaken to make sure that the project scope is correct In the project initiation phase the, project a manager develops the project objective and relates that to the project assumption . It means that, considering the need of the consumers a project outcome is expected. In order to understand that the project scopes considered for this project are correct the necessary steps those have been undertaken are as follows: Complete analysis of the project Scope creep prevention Analysis of the risks Recommendations Technical training and development: In order to implement the project without any kind of error it is necessary for the company to arrange proper training and development program for the technical experts those have been hired by the HP department of the company. Cost management: Cost is another issue that might affect the expected outcome of the system developers. In order to combat this issues at the project initiation phase the company is required to go through a feasibility just to ensure that the project will be beneficial or not. Time management: Time management is another important thing that the company is required to be considered properly. Before starting the project proper time according to the estimated cost must be allotted so that the owners could get measureable benefit from the project. Conclusion From the overall discussion it can be concluded that in order to implement a successful business it is necessary to use prototype model. However, this newly invented technology is very much difficult to implement without any kind of error. For successful implementation all the involved developers are required to be technical experts. Before final implementation the system developer should implement a CAD model. The lessons learnt from the case study and for making the necessary changes the departments who are going to pay are also illustrated in this report. Not only this but also the report has mentioned the required steps those have been followed to ensure that the project scope is absolutely appreciable. In order to mitigate the issues proper recommendations are also given in this report. References Costantino, F., Di Gravio, G. and Nonino, F,. Project selection in project portfolio management: An artificial neural network model based on critical success factors.International Journal of Project Management,33(8), pp.1744-1754. 2015 Dekker, R., Fleischmann, M., Inderfurth, K. and van Wassenhove, L.N. eds.,.Reverse logistics: quantitative models for closed-loop supply chains. Springer Science Business Media. 2013 Farahani, R.Z., Rezapour, S., Drezner, T. and Fallah, S. Competitive supply chain network design: An overview of classifications, models, solution techniques and applications.Omega,45, pp.92-118. 2014. Guckenberger, D.J., de Groot, T.E., Wan, A.M., Beebe, D.J. and Young, E.W. Micromilling: a method for ultra-rapid prototyping of plastic microfluidic devices.Lab on a Chip,15(11), pp.2364-2378. 2015 Macdonald, E., Salas, R., Espalin, D., Perez, M., Aguilera, E., Muse, D. and Wicker, R.B. 3D printing for the rapid prototyping of structural electronics.IEEE Access,2, pp.234-242. 2014. Norman, D.A. and Verganti, R. Incremental and radical innovation: Design research vs. technology and meaning change.Design issues,30(1), pp.78-96. 2014 Norman, D.A. and Verganti, R. Incremental and radical innovation: Design research vs. technology and meaning change.Design issues,30(1), pp.78-96. 2014 Pavon-Marino, P. and Izquierdo-Zaragoza, J.L, 2015. Net2plan: an open source network planning tool for bridging the gap between academia and industry.IEEE Network,29(5), pp.90-96. 2015